- Autonomous Closed-Loop Experimental Characterization and Dynamic Model Validation of a Scaled Underwater Kite , JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME (2022)
- Novel Surface Flow-Reversal Sensor Applied to Detection of Airfoil Stall , JOURNAL OF AIRCRAFT (2022)
- Store Separation Trajectory Clusters from Machine Learning , JOURNAL OF AIRCRAFT (2022)
- Back-imaging of polymer-ceramic pressure-sensitive paint , MEASUREMENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (2021)
- Finite wing lift during water-to-air transition , PHYSICAL REVIEW FLUIDS (2021)
- Low-frequency, spanwise oscillation in a finite-width cavity at Mach 1.5 , PHYSICS OF FLUIDS (2021)
- Modeling, simulation, and equilibrium analysis of tethered coaxial dual-rotor ocean current turbines , ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT (2021)
- Supersonic cavity flow with a downstream-sliding door , EXPERIMENTS IN FLUIDS (2021)
- Experimental analysis of dual coaxial turbines in skew , Ocean Engineering (2020)
- Heaving Inverted Wing in Extreme Ground Effect , JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME (2020)
This project will focus on the model-based design, flight characterization, robust periodic control, 1/10-scale prototyping, and testing of a rigid kite-based ocean current and tidal energy harvesting system. The system is intended for areas of moderate flow in relatively shallow waters, one example being the shallow waters adjacent to the Gulf Stream. The proposed system will consist of a high lift/drag rigid wing that executes periodic cycles. Each cycle will consist of a high-tension cross-current spool-out phase, followed by a low-tension spool-in phase. The use of multiple control tethers and/or on-board control surfaces will make it possible to achieve and control this desired periodic motion in a manner that is robust to fluctuations and uncertainties (e.g., ocean current speed/direction, etc.). It has been demonstrated that properly controlled periodic motions can lead more than an order of magnitude increase in net energy production over equivalently-sized stationary devices, or equivalently, the same amount of power as a stationary system using an order of magnitude less material. The proposed research will focus on two candidate kite-based system configurations: (i) A system where the electric motors/generators and power electronics are housed on a floating platform out of the water and (ii) a system where they are housed at the seabed, in shallower waters.
Wall-cavities exposed to high-subsonic or supersonic free streams have been studied for several decades in order to understand and model the aeroacoustic resonance effect from the unstable shear layer over the cavity impinging on the aft wall, causing recirculation and acoustic resonance. Low-order models have been developed, and suppression mechanisms have been conceived from a frequency-domain analysis of experiments. Here, we study the transient operation of the startup-shutdown of the cavity resonance by implementing sliding doors that cover the cavity with the aim to extend the aerodynamic models of cavity resonance to incorporate initial conditions in the time domain.
The purpose of this project is to investigate the magnitude of lift and pitching moment variation during an unsteady vs. the quasi-steady translation of a slender body from a cavity through a vortex-shear layer into supersonic flow. Mean- and time-varying, as well as frequency content of the normal force and pitching moment will be recorded. To correlate the forces on the store, simultaneous flowfield information, as well as surface pressure data will be obtained. The future application is to investigate whether timed-release of stores from cavities offer a benefit in a more accurate prediction of safe trajectory from the air vehicle.