- Natural Infrastructure Practices as Potential Flood Storage and Reduction for Farms and Rural Communities in the North Carolina Coastal Plain , SUSTAINABILITY (2021)
Rivers are the lifeblood of the communities throughout eastern North Carolina. The communities that occupy the edges of waterways owe their location and existence to the abundant resources provided by their corresponding rivers, tributaries, and floodplains. These natural features have made lasting physical and cultural impressions that continue to shape and influence both local community and greater region. Recognizing that rivers and communities are inseparable, the processes and products outlined in the following proposal are guided by a process referred to as a â€œfloodprintâ€â€” a landscape planning approach developed by the NC State University Coastal Dynamics Design Lab that addresses land/water relationships, including the powerful forces associated with flooding. The goal of each Community Floodprint is to help increase social and physical resilience within their respective focus area(s), specifically through recommending strategies that reduce flood risk, improve public safety, and enhance long-term environmental function within historically flood-prone areas. All aspects of the process aspire to co-create actionable plans used to attract resources that enable communities to forge ahead through the difficult tasks of rebuilding and preparing for future natural disasters.
The CDDL will provide the City of Lumberton technical assistance and capacity building support for the following activities: â€¢ Assist with the development and selection of third party project design consultants and contractors via a city-administered RFQ/RFP process â€¢ Advise on project-related design, engineering and permitting activities â€¢ Participate on internal project design reviews â€¢ Assist with the development of a management plan for the project area
Too often, rural communities attempting to recover from or prepare for natural hazards lack the local economic and technical capacity to adequately respond to the systemic and emerging threats of climate change. As a result, many small towns in rural America are grouped en masse into planning strategies that remove people from direct environmental risks, but also from the places and social systems required for their full community health. This proposal highlights the need for in-situ adaptation to climate change as a viable and necessary alternative for community rebuilding and redevelopment, particularly in the rural context. This study will compare and contrast standardized, national disaster relief policies against constructs of rural â€œbuying powerâ€ and geographic mobility patterns of disaster survivors to: i) illustrate the need for more inclusive, climate-responsive land planning solutions for rural communities; and ii) develop a transferable framework that describes actionable approaches landscape architects can take to support under-resourced rural communities achieve their recovery and resilience goals.
Educational needs will be addressed through the development of a new 3-credit hour course titled Disaster Resilient Policy, Engineering, and Design and assisting FEMA operationalize the intent of the Disaster Recovery Reform Act (DRRA). The results of the DRRA work will be incorporated into classes taught at North Carolina State University as part of a new Graduate Degree Program led by the PI of this CRC project. The new course proposed for development will serve as one of three required core courses in the 13-credit hour interdisciplinary certificate program. The certificate program will include three tracks: 1) policy, 2) engineering, and 3) design. The certificate is intended to foster interdisciplinary learning through case studies, studio-based coursework, interaction with experts from multiple fields of scholarship and practice, and deep community engagement. This approach draws on the findings of a Department of Homeland Security-supported study assessing the quality of Resilient Design Curricula at United States Colleges and Universities led by the PI of this project. The certificate also draws on lessons derived from the Year 4 work associated with the Hurricane Matthew Disaster Recovery and Resilience Initiative, which provided unique educational, research, and engagement opportunities for students and participating faculty. The new course will be taught for the first time in the Spring of 2020. In addition, this project will address educational needs through the hiring of a PhD student to assist in the development of policy recommendations and strategies to implement the new Federal pre-disaster hazard mitigation program as required under the Disaster Recovery Reform Act and to conduct research on the role of states in developing the local capacity needed to implement the provisions of the DRRA. The research assessing the role of states in hazard mitigation and local capacity building will build upon previous work led by the PI of this project which focused on the role of states in hazard mitigation planning as part of a six-year study funded by the Department of Homeland Securityâ€™s Office of Science and Technology. The results of the policy counsel and data collected may inform the dissertation topic of the PhD student hired to assist the PI.
Recent efforts undertaken by the NC State University Coastal Dynamics Design Lab (CDDL) have provided various Eastern North Carolina communities with technical assistance focused on design and programming strategies for both short-term rebuilding activities and long-term resiliency planning. These efforts have successfully contributed to increasing local capacity related to aspects of community development, recreation and heritage-based tourism, management of public landscapes, navigating disaster recovery processes, and identifying and leveraging funding sources. Outcomes of these efforts include citizen engagement activities, policy and programming recommendations, planning reports and design plans, and construction and installation of numerous community amenities. The development and delivery of the Pollocksville Community Floodprint will advance these and other projects the CDDL has generated for and with Eastern NC communities. Outcomes of this research will focus on flood-risk reduction and enhancements to public safety, most specifically related to repetitive flood-loss properties and improvements to long-term environmental and civic functions within this historically flood-prone community.
This project will focus on the assessment of conservation purpose for an area surrounding and including a rural, 600+ acre golf course and housing development in Beaufort, North Carolina. Project objectives: â— Contribute expertise in land and water resource management to ongoing efforts to assist in advancing conservation and sustainable development practices. â— Draw on current research to inform the development of best practices capable of simultaneously protecting the siteâ€™s natural resources and promoting/leveraging its infrastructure assets. â— Explore planning, design, and management strategies to identify areas whose highest and best use may be protection via conservation easement. â— Develop transferable lessons and recommendations related to responsible and resilient land management tools and techniques in the mid-Atlantic and southeastern regions of the United States. â— Highlight the importance of research, planning, and design in protecting health, safety, and welfare.
The primary goal of this project is to continue community assistance activities in the Town of Princeville, North Carolina. Specifically, the project will work with community and agency county, state, and federal) partners to 1) design, fabricate, and install wayfinding and interpretive signage related to historic and cultural tourism sites and programs, and 2) design, procure, and (when appropriate) help install street trees in significant civic locations.