- Comparison of climate-based daylighting in two integrated simulation tools: DIVA and OpenStudio , PLEA2013 - 29th Conference, Sustainable Architecture for a Renewable Future (2013)
Dense urban environments present significant challenges for access to natural light. Over the last 4 decades, the proposing research team has been extensively involved in: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â¢ Conceptualizing daylighting systems for buildings. ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â¢ Measuring illuminance and luminance distributions in daylit spaces. ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â¢ Assessing visual comfort in daylit spaces. ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â¢ Assessing the energy implications of using natural light to illuminate buildings interiors. This proposal is to substantially extend our research into the areas of human perception and health, with an emphasis on the impact of urban density on access to daylight and views. The project aims to establish an interdisciplinary team and state-of-the-art facilities having the capability to assess advanced building glazing technologies in terms of light quantity, visual acuity, visual comfort, spatial perception, sense of well-being, and other health issues. The human factors associated with natural light can only be properly assessed experimentally, i.e., by allowing human beings to occupy, contemplate, and assess the luminous environment. A full-scale, experimental module will be constructed as the primary assessment tool. The facility would be used extensively in conjunction with an ongoing studio course at the NCSU School of Architecture: ARC 503ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â‚¬ÂAdvanced Architectural DesignÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â‚¬ÂTall Building Design, which is in its seventh semester of being co-taught by Professor Place and key personnel from Skidmore Owings and Merrill. The research and design explorations of the students in that class can be further supplemented by taking the seminar class: ARC 521ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â‚¬ÂDaylighting and Passive Energy Systems for Architecture (taught by Co-PI Professor Jianxin Hu).
Americans, on average, spend approximately 90 percent of their time indoors. In a nursing home or assisted living facility, this percentage is likely to be even higher for senior residents who tend to or have to spend most of the time in their rooms. The goal of this project is to optimize the lighting design of the resident rooms in nursing homes to improve residentsÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ wellbeing and health.
The goals of this research are 1) to make aware of the importance of maximizing and optimizing the use of roof in commercial buildings and 2) to offer a new paradigm for building practitioners to be able to systematically approach, design and develop roof as a key platform to achieve NZEBs by 2025 and carbon-neutral buildings by 2030. The objectives are: 1) to develop a compendium of strategies for optimizing roof functionality in commercial buildings (Strategy Database) and 2) to develop a tool for high-performance roof design and development (Roof Consultant)
The goal of this program is to improve the performance, economy of means, and energy efficiency of commercial buildings, by advancing the state of the art in building systems concepts, by developing and defining methodologies for systems optimization, and by conducting material and technology research and development driven by careful identification of the building industry's needs.